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Welcome to Pelican Waters QLD - Travel
Canberra - June 2011
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Canberra is the capital city of Australia.  It is Australia's largest inland city and the eighth-largest city overall. The city is located at the northern end of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), a resident of Canberra is known as a "Canberran".

It is located on the ancient lands of the Indigenous Ngunnawal people, Canberra’s name is thought to mean ‘meeting place’, derived from the Aboriginal word Kamberra.

The site of Canberra was selected for the location of the nation's capital in 1908 as a compromise between rivals Sydney and Melbourne, Australia's two largest cities. It is unusual among Australian cities, being an entirely planned city. 

Following an international contest for the city's design, a blueprint by the Chicago architects Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahoney Griffin was selected and construction commenced in 1913.  The Griffins' plan featured geometric motifs such as circles, hexagons and triangles, and was centred around axes aligned with significant topographical landmarks in the Australian Capital Territory.

The city's design was heavily influenced by the garden city movement and incorporates significant areas of natural vegetation that have earned Canberra the title of the "bush capital". 

The growth and development of Canberra were hindered by the World Wars and the Great Depression, which exacerbated a series of planning disputes and the ineffectiveness of a sequence of bodies that were to oversee the development of the city. 

The national capital emerged as a thriving city after World War II, as Prime Minister Robert Menzies championed its development and the National Capital Development Commission was formed with executive powers. 

Although the Australian Capital Territory is now self-governing, the federal government retains some influence through the National Capital Authority.

As the seat of the government of Australia. The provisional Parliament House opened in 1927 in what was then a treeless paddock. The High Court and numerous government departments and agencies are located in Canberra.. 

It is also the location of many social and cultural institutions of national significance, such as the Australian War Memorial, Australian National University, Australian Institute of Sport, National Gallery, National Museum and the National Library. The Australian Army's officer corps are trained at the Royal Military College, Duntroon and the Australian Defence Force Academy is also located in the capital.

Read the history by visiting

Canberra has a relatively dry continental climate with warm to hot summers and cool to cold winters. 

  Average Min C / F Average MaxC / F
Spring - September - November 6 / 40 19 / 66
Summer - December - February 12 / 54 27 / 81
Autumn - March - May 7 / 45 20 / 68
Winter - June - August 1 / 34 12 / 54

What to do

There are many activities in Canberra, click on to the link below to view more about Canberra

Canberra Tourism



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