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Pelican Waters QLD - Street Names
Ludwig Court

Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt, known as Ludwig Leichhardt, 23 October 1813 -- 1848  was a German explorer and naturalist, most famous for his exploration of northern and central Australia. 

Leichhardt was born in Trebatsch, Germany, between 1831 and 1836 Leichhardt studied philosophy, language, and natural sciences at the Universities of Göttingen and Berlin but never received a university degree. 

He moved to England in 1837 where he continued his study of natural sciences at various places, including the British Museum, London and the Jardin des Plantes, Paris, and undertook field work in several European countries including France, Italy and Switzerland.In 1842 Leichhardt voyaged to Sydney, Australia. 

He led three major expeditions to explore parts of northern and central Australia. 

The first, mounted as a private expedition, started on October 1, 1844 from Jimbour on the Darling Downs and ended after a nearly 4800 km overland journey in Port Essington on December 17, 1845. 

He returned to Sydney by boat to a hero's welcome. 

The Journal of an Overland Expedition in Australia, from Moreton Bay to Port Essington, a Distance of Upwards of 3000 Miles, During the Years 1844-1845 by Leichhardt describes this expedition.

The second expedition, now with the assistance of a Government grant and substantial private subscriptions, starting in December 1846, was supposed to take him from the Darling Downs to the west coast of Australia and ultimately to the Swan River and Perth. 

After covering only 800 km the expedition team was forced to return in June 1847 due to heavy rain, malarial fever and famine.
After recovering, Leichhardt spent 6 weeks in 1847 to examine the course of the Condamine River and the country between the route of another expedition led by Mitchell in 1846 and his own route, covering nearly 1,000 km.

In April 1847 Leichhardt shared annual prize of the Paris Geographical Society, for the most important geographic discovery with Rochet d'Héricourt. Soon afterward, on 24 May, the Royal Geographical Society, London, awarded Leichhardt its Patron's Medal as recognition of 'the increased knowledge of the great continent of Australia' gained by his Moreton Bay-Port Essington journey.

In March 1848 Leichhardt again set out from the Condamine River to reach the Swan River. 

He was last seen on April 3 1848 at McPherson's Station, Coogoon on the Darling Downs. 

His disappearance after moving inland, although investigated by many, remains a mystery. 

The latest evidence suggests his expedition may have perished somewhere in the Great Sandy Desert of the Australian interior.

The Inner Western Sydney suburb of Leichhardt and the surrounding Municipality of Leichhardt are named for him, as is the Ipswich suburb of Leichhardt, the Leichhardt Highway in Queensland and the Division of Leichhardt in the Australian Parliament.

The first expedition of Leichhardt

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